55. Certain of the foregoing days of fast concur. In such cases liturgical law determines which fast is observed.
56. There will be no fasting on First or Second Class Feasts, nor Fridays falling within the octaves of Christmas, Easter and Pentecost.
57. The current discipline of the Latin Church regarding the nature of abstinence is in force in the institute. Abstinence refers to the consumption of food devoid of all meat, meat products or meat juices.
58. Everyone is bound to abstinence on the following days (Constitutions ¶ 64):
C. SIMPLICITY OF LIFE:
59. Poverty as practiced by the vita canonica requires a simplicity whereby grace and virtue may flourish. For this reason community life among the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem is characterized by a simplicity in which the sacrifice of certain goods promotes a greater communion among the brethren and growth in their perfection of charity.
1. Simplicity in Common Living:
60. Silence will be the general rule and atmosphere in the chapel, sacristies and residences of the CRNJ. The silentium magnum is enjoined from Compline until the end of breakfast the following morning.
61. a.) Meals will be taken in common by everyone physically present in each house. Meals are an integral part of community life and are to be arrived at promptly, begun and ended with prayer and not absented without permission.
b.) Breakfast is eaten in complete silence. Midday and evening meals are eaten in silence accompanied by prescribed table readings.
c.) The Rule of our Holy Father Saint Augustine is to be read each day at midday or evening meal.
62. Recreations are community functions and are required of everyone present in each house. Common recreation will normally follow evening meals on designated days of the week.
63. Obscene speech and lewd joking is absolutely forbidden to everyone, everywhere.
64. Free days and absences from the community will be observed according to set policy.
2. Personal Simplicity:
65. Every canon will maintain a normal and healthy hygiene. The use of perfumes and colognes is forbidden to everyone, everywhere. Deodorants and soaps are to be unscented.
66. Hair is to be kept short, clean and groomed. Beards and mustaches are prohibited.
67. Cigarette, cigar and pipe smoking is forbidden to everyone, everywhere. At no time and in no way does smoking ever serve the common good. Smoking is unbecoming in appearance, a needless violation of the spirit of poverty, a physical dependency that does not serve religious consecration and a proven danger to health.
68. Personal quarters are to be kept clean and neat at all times. Décor is to be kept simple and discrete. Canonical poverty enjoins actual detachment from things that are not necessary to one’s duty of state. Acquisitiveness and clutter are to be avoided as violations of poverty.
69. The management of community resources is to take into strongest consideration the vow and virtue of religious poverty and service to the common good. What is not needed ought not to be acquired. Wasting money is to be avoided, absolutely.
3. Simplicity of Dress:
70. Each canon will normally have two ordinary habits consisting of a:
· white tunic
· white scapular
· brown Flemish cincture (worn over the tunic and under the scapular)
· black shoulder cape and attached hood
· black socks
· black shoes
71. Adjuncts to the ordinary habit:
· clothing worn under the tunic is to be approximately white
· clerical collars are never worn with the habit
· sandals (with or without socks) are permitted in season
· a black or white sweater worn between the scapular and shoulder cape
· a black cape may be worn over the ordinary habit
· a black dress overcoat may be worn over the ordinary habit
· a simple straw hat or simple black hat may be worn with the habit
72. The complete ordinary habit is the normal attire when in or around houses of the CRNJ. The habit is to be kept clean and in good repair. Nothing is to be worn with it except what is permitted or directed. The functional hood serves two purposes: covering the head from the elements and promoting recollection. The habit is to be worn without affectation and never trivialized by unauthorized accouterments.
73. For certain liturgical functions the ordinary habit will be covered by a choir habit consisting of a white:
· rochet (for the professed)
· surplice (for the non-professed)
· choir cape (as directed in season
74. Suitable work clothes are to be worn for manual labor.
75. Appropriate attire is to be worn for recreation.
76. Street dress will conform to local diocesan norms. Members of the CRNJ are to wear the clerical suit as directed consisting of black shoes and socks, black pants and black shirt mounted with a white 1½” Roman collar and black coat or overcoat as necessary. The so-called “tab” collar is absolutely forbidden.
77. In virtue of the vow of poverty, canons will not maintain elaborate wardrobes of clothing of any kind. They will maintain only what is truly needed.
4. Simplicity regarding technology:
78. Created goods in se are not evil. However, examined closely in the light of gospel asceticism, what the world calls technological progress often proves to be proximate danger for fallen nature. Wide experience shows that human weakness in conjunction with specific kinds of electronic devices contributes to a radical undermining of personal and communal sociability, morality, spirituality and intellectual vigor. For this reason the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem absolutely rejects the use of certain technical goods widely found in modern society.
79. Not only is it possible to live without such things, religious life as pursued in this institute gives important witness to the positive social, intellectual and spiritual values promotable in a human environment entirely freed from their effects. Such an environment was until recently the norm throughout the whole of human culture and history. Its disappearance is regrettable for many reasons, the least not being spiritual and moral.
80. Religious consecration is significantly contradicted when distanced from an authentic asceticism. Because some thing may yield a certain good does not mean it ought to be used in all cases. Still less does it mean that it must be used – human sexuality illustrates the point. Such a concept, though particularly imbedded in modern social thought regarding technology, vitiates a fundamental aspect of Christian self-denial. Insisting that a thing must be used because “everyone does” is intellectually vapid and undermines the evangelical call of Christ to be “not of this world”.
81. When a created good is closely linked to its widespread abuse, religious in particular should give witness to the positive values fostered in sacrificing the lesser good for the greater. That this sacrifice may incur some inconvenience is natural to mortification and welcomed as a means for spiritual growth.
82. What is incomprehensible to the world is evident to the eyes of faith.
83. In order to preserve and foster the social and religious character of community life, television in any of its forms is strictly forbidden. By this effective renunciation television will not intrude upon the authentic religious life of the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem in any way whatsoever. The good television can afford is readily obtainable by other means.
84. In order to preserve the social and religious character of community life, the use of computers is strictly limited. A sufficient number of computers will be placed in a common work area where members of a house may use them for a maximum of four hours per day. This includes any use of the computer at all, whether it is for the community or for the individual. The limited use of computers will not be permitted to intrude upon the authentic religious life of the CRNJ in any way whatsoever.
85. At the signal for community functions those using computers will rise from their work and leave at once. Since nothing is to be preferred to the opus Dei, this rule holds particularly true in regard to scheduled worship.
86. Individual members of the institute may neither own computers nor keep them in their rooms.
87. The use of computer-operated videos or games is forbidden to everyone.
88. Only one computer per house may access the Internet and it will be secured in the office of the superior. The Internet is to be used only with an exceptional vigilance for Christian faith and morals.
89. Communication with those exterior to the community will be effected through standard postal services, telephones or facsimile devices attached to telephones, all in accordance with set policy. Telephones will not be permitted to intrude upon the religious life of the community.
90. Portable telephones may only be permitted by explicit permission from competent authority and in view of extenuating circumstances.
91. Private telephone lines to the exterior are not permitted in anyone’s room (cf. DOD ¶ 95). An intercom system facilitating in‑house communication is allowed. Such a system could transfer incoming calls from the exterior provided they are dispatched through a central switchboard and received during appointed hours.
92. As electronic technology continues to develop, the CRNJ will continue to refine self-protective measures against its various capabilities for intrusion.
IV. PASTORAL CHARGES
93. Pastoral charges received from the bishop will be assigned to specific priests of a house according to the norms of canon law and the Constitutions of the CRNJ.
94. In the measure possible everyone in a house will assist in the pastoral work juridically assigned to specific priests.
95. Priests with formal pastoral charges are permitted telephones in their rooms by which their parishioners may reach them directly unless otherwise determined by competent authority.
96. Priests fulfilling assigned pastoral duties are dispensed from community functions when legitimately called to the exterior. They should, however, plan their days in such manner as to allow, as often as possible, their presence at Lauds, Chapter, Vespers and Compline. They are held to the obligation of examination of conscience even when absent for pastoral reasons.
97. The Directory of Discipline is meant to ensure a stable environment within which the members of the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem can live a specific common, Christian life of religious consecration. The restrictions placed on certain actions or goods are voluntary self‑renunciations undertaken for attaining that freedom by which the life of grace can be more effectively operative. By living according to the simplicity of the Rule, Constitutions and Directory of Discipline, members of the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem are assured the means necessary for advancement in holiness and the perfection of charity.
The Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem© 2011